This wonderfully scenic mountain park of snow-covered mountains, glaciers dominated by the highest summit on Earth is geologically fascinating and its wilderness values are marvellous. It is a protected area in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal which encloses an area of 1148 km2 (443 sq mi) in the Solukhumbu District and ranges in elevation from 2845 to 8848m (9334 to 29,029 ft) to the summit of Mount Everest. To the south, it extends to up to dukh Koshi River from the north border of Tibet.
It was established in 1976 and in 1979 it became the country’s first national park which has been inscribed as a Natural world heritage site. Various rare species, such as snow leopard, lesser panda, jumping spider, lynx, Mouse hares (pika) are found in the park. Furthermore, 193 species of bird are found in the park including national bird of Nepal, Impeyan Pheasant (Danphe). Being a highest national park in the world High Altitude sickness (HAS) is a major concern for all climbers. The best time to visit is between October and November, or between March and May. Although, it is very difficult to reach the park, since the Khumbu region has no roads. The best way of getting to the park is to fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, and then trek onwards for 2 days. In addition to the staff from the Sagarmatha National Parks office, a company of soldiers from the Nepalese Army has been deployed for protection and law enforcement purposes.