Makalu Base Camp

Makalu Base Camp

Makalu Base Camp

Hard
20 Days 19 Nights
  • Destination:
    Nepal
  • Region:
    Makalu
  • Type:
    Camping Trek
  • Max. Altitude:
    5000m
  • Activity:
    Camping Trek
  • Group size:
    2 - 8
  • Accomodation:
    Hotel, Lodge, Camp
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  • Makalu Base Camp trek lies in the eastern part of Nepal in the scenic Makalu Barun National Park and conservation area. The base camp itself lies at an altitude of 5000m above sea level. Mt. Makalu (8463m) which is regarded as 5 th highest mountain of the world is one of the main attraction of this trek with amazing views of Everest (8848M), Cho Oyu (8152m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m) and Ama Dablam(6456m). Due to the challenging nature of the trek and the remote location, the trek sees limited tourist.

    The trek goes through diverse landscape and interesting cultures of Rai, Gurung, Magar, Chettris, Tamang and Sherpas passing through beautiful forest, floras and fauna. Since most of the places in this region has limited tea house which is why camping is highly recommended in the region.

    Trip Highlights

    • Visit Everest Base Camp (5364m) from where all the major expedition starts.
    • Views of Island peak, Lhotse, Ama Dablam are the major part which encloses the panoramic view.
    • Experience staying in a mountain tea houses will help to relax our mind and soul.
    • Visit village of Khumjung the school which has been established by Sir Edmund Hillary.

    What is included

    • 4 nights in Kathmandu Hotel as per program on Bed & Breakfast basis
    • 15 nights camping as per program on Full Board
    • Flight: Kathmandu-Tumblingtar-Kathmandu
    • All camping and kitchen equipments and meals during the trek
    • National Park Fees & TIMS Permit Fee
    • 1 full day sightseeing in Kathmandu with english speaking guide
    • 1 English Speaking Guide (from Kathmandu)
    • 1 porter for every 2 members
    • All staffs insurance & daily wages
    • All Airport transfers
  • Detailed Itinerary

    • Day 1

      Arrival in Kathmandu

      Accommodation: Gokarna Forest Resort
      Depending on your arrival time, our representative will be at the airport to receive you and transfer you to your booked hotel.
      Accommodation: Gokarna Forest Resort
    • Day 2

      Sightseeing in Kathmandu

      Meals: B
      The program will be - the Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Square monuments with their wooden pagoda-temples, the Bodnath or Swayambhunath’s Buddhist sanctuaries and Pashupatinath Hinduist one where the cremations occur, not to speak of the many temples spread about along the crowded and busy streets of the antique city.
      Meals: B
    • Day 3

      Fly to Tumlingtar (400m) – 50 Minutes Flight

      Meals: BLD
      After breakfast we drive to the domestic airport in Kathmandu for a 50 minutes flight to Tumlingtar where our staff will be waiting for us. We then drive to our hotel for tonight.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 4

      Trek to Khadbari (1040m)

      Meals: BLD
      The trail becomes a ridge walk to Khadbari.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 5

      Khadbari - Bhote Bas (1740m)

      Meals: BLD
      Past Mani Bhanjyang the trail makes a gentle climb through terraced fields, past a paper factory at Panguma. Then it continues through fields, bamboo groves and big rocks to Shekla before climbing to the Tamang village of Bhote Bas.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 6

      Bhote Bas – Gogone

      Meals: BLD
      The cultivated fields disappear as the trail climbs to a pass at 1850m that offers a spectacular view of Chhamlang, Makalu and Jaljale Himal.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 7

      Gogone - Num (1490m)

      Meals: BLD
      The trail goes through forests of huge rhododendrons then below Mure passes many tracts of burned trees. The route descends on a rocky eroded trail to Num, situated on the ridge above the Arun river.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 8

      Num - Tashi Gaon (2070m)

      Meals: BLD
      The trail descends steeply through the corn fields of Lumbang then drops very steeply through jungle to a suspension bridge over the Arun river at 660m. From here it climbs through rocky fields to Seduwa. It makes a gradual climb through forested areas.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 9

      Tashi Gaon - Khongma Pass (3500m)

      Meals: BLD
      It is a tough day on a steep trail through forests to Unshisha, a tiny meadow at 3300m. Then the slope gets steeper along a ridge over a hillock.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 10

      Khongma Pass - Numbuck (3570m)

      Meals: BLD
      The trail climbs on steep switchbacks to a ridge. It reaches the Kika La at 4127m then descends to a lake before ascending to a second pass, the Tutu La. From there it descends through forests to Numbuck.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 11

      Numbuck - Sarsung (4600m)

      Meals: BLD
      It is a long day because there is no suitable camp between Nay Kharka and Sarsung. The trail gets closer to the Barun Khola. After crossing it, the trail climbs alongside a moraine of the Barun Glacier with views of Pyramid Peak. Then it enters an alluvial valley and Makalu pops out into view just before Sarsung.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 12

      Sarsung - Makalu B. C. (5000m)

      Meals: BLD
      It is a gradual climb to a minor pass then it descends crossing on boulders to the B. C. There are wonderful views of the south face of Makalu.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 13

      Makalu B. C. - Numbuck (3570m)

      Meals: BLD
      Retrace your steps down.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 14

      Numbuck - Khongma Pass (3500m)

      Meals: BLD
      Descending through rock falls, green forest and valley from Yangri Kharka making our way towards Dobate, we follow the river banks of Barun down the trail. With steep advance from Dobate to Mumbuk (Nambuk) and through a forest of Rhododendrons we cross the KeKe La and reach out Khongma la.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 15

      Khongma Pass - Seduwa (1460m)

      Meals: BLD
      Through the hillsides trek continues with frequent long and steep descent. The trail takes us through thick forests and finally making to the Sherpa village of Tashigaon. And then we exit from Makalu Barun National Park and move down to the Barun River. Crossing the hillside and villages afterwards, we move further down, finally stopping at Seduwa once again.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 16

      Seduwa - Chichela (1830m)

      Meals: BLD
      From the school the trail descends steeply to a suspension bridge over the Arun River at 660m then climbs steeply to Num situated on a ridge. It still climbs to Fururu through forests of huge rhododendrons then goes down to a campsite at Chichela.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 17

      Chichela - Tumlingtar

      Meals: BLD
      The final return leg of the trek will see us overnight at Tumlingtar, ready for an early departure to Kathmandu the following day.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 18

      Flight: Tumlingtar-kathmandu, Transfer to Hotel

      Meals: B
      After the breakfast in the Lodge, you will be transferred to the Tumlingtar Airport and take a 50 minutes flight back to Kathmandu. On arrival in Kathmandu, we drive to the hotel and have some free time to relax or head into the city. Most people want to simply unwind and enjoy the hotel facilities.
      Meals: B
    • Day 19

      Free day in Kathmandu

      Meals: BLD
      You’ll have a day free to roam around the Kathmandu Valley and enjoy your time.
      Meals: BLD
    • Day 20

      International Departure

      Meals: B
      Depending on your flight time, our airport check in is 3 hours prior to the departure time and the hotel checkout time is 12PM.
      Our representative will meet you at the hotel and transfer you to the airport.
      Meals: B
  • Visa

    Most nationalities require a visa for Nepal, which can be obtained in advance or on entry. If you wish to apply before departure the current visa cost is £20 for a 15 day visa and £35 for a 30 day visa for UK passport holders. The current cost of a visa on arrival is US $25 for 15 days, US $40 for 30 days or if extending your stay $100 for 90 days. All are multiple entry. The visa on arrival fee can be paid for in cash in US Dollars, Pounds Sterling or Euros. You will also need a passport photo. Application forms are available in the immigration hall (or for electronic passports there are visa registration machines which, after inserting your passport, automatically fill out a form for you). You must firstly join the queue to pay the visa fee, and then go to the relevant immigration desk to obtain your 15, 30 or 90 day visa stamp. There can be long queues for visas on arrival.

    Non UK nationals should check requirements with their nearest embassy (a few nationalities are not permitted visas on arrival).

    Vaccinations

    There are no mandatory vaccination requirements. Recommended vaccinations are: Polio, Tetanus, Diphtheria, Typhoid, Hepatitis A. The risk of malaria is present in certain regions only (such as Chitwan); you may wish to consult your GP or travel health clinic for further advice. Dengue fever is a known risk in places visited. It is a tropical viral disease spread by daytime biting mosquitoes. There is currently no vaccine or prophylaxis available for Dengue, and therefore the best form of prevention is to avoid being bitten. We recommend you take the usual precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Most of our trips to Nepal go to high altitudes where there is a risk of being affected by Acute Mountain Sickness. Our itineraries are designed to enable everyone to acclimatise to these altitudes, but you should be aware that it is still possible for you to be affected. Please refer to the TRIP NOTES for complete advice on AMS.

    Eating & Drinking

    Breakfast is included throughout the trip and all meals are provided while camping (all breakfasts, 3 lunches and 2 dinners).

    Breakfast is included throughout the trip and all meals are provided while camping. On trek the breakfast will be a set menu usually consisting of porridge and toast. Any additional items that are not included in the set menu should be ordered and paid for separately. We do not include lunch and dinner in the tea-houses, allowing you to choose what you want to eat and when. Although most lodges have almost identical menus, they are reasonably extensive and offer a varied selection, ranging from traditional Nepalese dal bhat to pizza and apple pie.

    Although meat is available in the teahouses, we advise against eating it on trek. The meat has often been carried in the heat from lower altitudes for several days before reaching the lodges, and can cause stomach upsets or illness. Germs can also be spread by handling dirty money - we recommend using hand sanitiser.

    If you buy imported food and drink whilst on trek you will spend more than the suggested amount.

    Drinking Water

    Staying hydrated is important when undertaking any physical activity but particularly so at altitude where it is generally recommended to drink at least 3-4 litres per person per day.

    We strongly encourage you not to buy bottled water on trek as this contributes to the growing problem of plastic pollution in Nepal’s trekking areas.

    All teahouses will provide cold water free of charge, if requested. Although this should not be drunk untreated, we recommend that you bring a reusable bottle with a wide opening (Nalgene or similar) with you and use a SteriPEN to treat it with. A SteriPEN is a handheld UV water purifier – small, lightweight and battery powered so easy to pack for a trek. In Nepal’s trekking regions most of the bottled water isn’t strictly ‘mineral water’ anyway but is UV treated, so it’s exactly the same technology. It’s quick to use, far more effective than purification tablets, and the water is ready immediately. It’s fine to use a SteriPEN on non-boiled water so long as it isn’t cloudy or full of sediment (which is uncommon in these regions).

    SteriPENs are widely stocked on Amazon, outdoor shops and other online retailers; look for the latest models but avoid USB charging ones. Better still, a SteriPEN will pay for itself over the course of the trek and you won’t leave behind a single plastic bottle – you will end up spending the same or even less than you would on bottled water, plus you can keep it for future trips.

    If you prefer not to invest in a SteriPEN, the teahouses also sell boiled water for approx. Rs150-300 per litre (the price increases the higher you trek) which should not require treating. This is also perfect for a bedtime refill as it can double up as a hot water bottle.

    While camping boiled water is supplied for drinking.

    Weather

    The main trekking season in Nepal is from October to mid-May when daytime temperatures at most altitudes are generally comfortable for walking, the sky is clear much of the time and rain and snow are occasional occurrences. Daytime temperatures will vary from 15ºC to 35ºC in the Kathmandu Valley to around 10ºC at 3,600m and progressively lower the higher we go.

    Different seasons offer different advantages for trekking.

    Post Monsoon/autumn: Mid-September to November. This is the main trekking season in Nepal. Day temperatures in Kathmandu are approximately above 20ºC. Skies are usually clear and days on trek are sunny and mild with clear mountain views. At the highest altitudes although the days can be nice and sunny the temperatures can drop to 10ºC and much lower. Nights will be colder with temperatures dropping as low as minus 10ºC and lower at the highest altitudes.

    Pre-monsoon/spring: March to May. Both day and night temperatures will be warmer in general but haze will often build up in the afternoons. It is very hot in the lowlands and temperatures rise to 35ºC in Kathmandu. Flowers bloom in this season and this is one of the reasons people chose to trek in spring.

    Snow can be expected on any departure, usually at the higher altitudes. Summit day will be a very early start (usually about 2am) and will be extremely cold. Although mostly it is calm and clear on summit day the mountain does occasionally get high winds. You need to be equipped for temperatures as low as minus 25ºC plus wind chill on summit day.

    Please remember that in any mountain area the weather is never wholly predictable and you should be prepared and equipped to deal with any differences in weather beyond the conditions described above.

    More Info

    This is a Tough+ trek. It is activity level 9 with 16 days walking and full porterage throughout. The maximum altitude is 6,189m (or 5,545m without Island Peak) and the average is 3,680m. There are some steep ascents and descents and some narrow trails. As this trek also ascends to very high altitudes participants should be confident of their physical fitness and must have previous experience of trekking at altitude and in snow.

    Although it is not compulsory to participate in the climb (the summit attempt is optional), anyone who does must have previous ice axe and crampon experience and know how to use a jumar and abseil device. There will be equipment checks and practice sessions for rope use, ice axe, crampon and harness use, abseiling and crevasse rescue. For safety reasons it is compulsory to participate in these sessions. If you do not take part the leader and climbing Sherpas will not allow you to take part in the climb.

    Though technically harder than Mera Peak, for those with the necessary experience this expedition is within the reach of those seeking their first Himalayan summit. The climb requires strong lungs and a great deal of will power - it is graded alpine PD+ and starts with some rocky scrambling to a glacier. We cross the glacier roped up (there is one ladder to cross), and then come to a 200m steep 40-45 degree headwall, which leads to a 20m summit ridge. We will rope up to cross the glacier and you will be walking with an ice axe, crampons and plastic boots. There are fixed ropes up the headwall (approximately 200m) and along the summit ridge. On the ascent you will need to use a jumar and on the descent you will need to use an abseil device.

    Please be aware that altitude can have a significant affect on your physical state. It is important that you take heed of the leader's advice and decisions at all times. The leaders are trained in first aid and are well aware of AMS symptoms and will keep a close eye on the group. We ask you to refer to the altitude warning within the Trip Notes.

    The climb itself is not recommended for anyone with a fear of heights or vertigo and the main trail itself crosses three modern suspension bridges over rivers and valleys - all of these have mesh sides but some are quite long and high.

    Equipment Checklist

    Body Wear

    • Gore Tex Jacket
    • Gore Tex Pant
    • Hiking pant
    • Fleece trouser and jacket or warm jumper - Recommended not thick but warm enough that fits inside the Gore Tex pant
    • Anti-sweat T-shirtEarmuffs/Ear warmers (optional)
    • Thermal inner trouser
    • Down jacket with hoodie
    • Thermal inner trouser
    • Down jacket with hoodie

    Head Wear

    • Sun Hat/Normal cap
    • Fleece or woolen hat
    • Earmuffs/Ear warmers (optional)
    • Sunglasses with UV protection
    • Buff Scarf / thin face mask

    Hand wear

    • Fleece or woolen thin gloves
    • Expedition shell gloves
    • Gore Tex mitten gloves

    Other Equipments

    • Sleeping bag (comfort rated - 15ºC)
    • 30 Litre Rucksack with cover
    • Large size Duffel Bag with padlock
    • Headlamp with spare batteries
    • Water bottles 1 Litre X 2
    • Thermos
    • Basic First Aid Kit including: antiseptic cream, throat lozenges, diarrhea treatment (Imodium), altitude (Diamox), painkillers, plasters and blister treatment, insect repellent, and re-hydration salts (Dioralite). Glucose tablets and multi-vitamin tablets are also a good idea.

    Washing kit & Toiletries

    • Waterproof washing kit bag
    • Towel - medium size
    • Washing soap, towel, tooth pest, tooth brush etc.
    • Sun Lotion Enough +30SPF (including total bloc for lips, nose etc.)
    • Hand wash & sanitizer
    • Toilet paper (you can buy this in the lodges)
    • Wet tissue

    Foot Wear

    • Trekking boots
    • Hollow Out Outdoor Slipper
    • Trekking socks (4-5 pair)
    • Snow Gaiter

    Optional Items

    • Trekking poles
    • Trainers or similar for use in the lodges
    • Shorts
    • Base layer leggings
    • Gaiter
    • Sleeping bag liner
    • Pillowcase
    • Ear plugs (particularly if you are not the one snoring)
    • Travel clothes
    • Camera
    • Pen-knife (remember to pack sharp objects in hold baggage)
    • Repair kit – (egg. needle, thread, duct tape)
  • Accommodation

    This tour spends four nights in a hotel in Kathmandu and fifteen nights on the trek in tents on sharing basis.

    In Kathmandu we normally use a 3-star hotel, located within walking distance of the Thamel.

    On the trek, we will stay in two men tents with our kitchen staff preparing the meals including breakfast, lunch and dinner. During long day walks, we might have to prepare packed lunch in the morning and carry with us.

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  • Overview

    Makalu Base Camp trek lies in the eastern part of Nepal in the scenic Makalu Barun National Park and conservation area. The base camp itself lies at an altitude of 5000m above sea level. Mt. Makalu (8463m) which is regarded as 5 th highest mountain of the world is one of the main attraction of this trek with amazing views of Everest (8848M), Cho Oyu (8152m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m) and Ama Dablam(6456m). Due to the challenging nature of the trek and the remote location, the trek sees limited tourist.

    The trek goes through diverse landscape and interesting cultures of Rai, Gurung, Magar, Chettris, Tamang and Sherpas passing through beautiful forest, floras and fauna. Since most of the places in this region has limited tea house which is why camping is highly recommended in the region.

    Trip Highlights

    • Visit Everest Base Camp (5364m) from where all the major expedition starts.
    • Views of Island peak, Lhotse, Ama Dablam are the major part which encloses the panoramic view.
    • Experience staying in a mountain tea houses will help to relax our mind and soul.
    • Visit village of Khumjung the school which has been established by Sir Edmund Hillary.

    What is included

    • 4 nights in Kathmandu Hotel as per program on Bed & Breakfast basis
    • 15 nights camping as per program on Full Board
    • Flight: Kathmandu-Tumblingtar-Kathmandu
    • All camping and kitchen equipments and meals during the trek
    • National Park Fees & TIMS Permit Fee
    • 1 full day sightseeing in Kathmandu with english speaking guide
    • 1 English Speaking Guide (from Kathmandu)
    • 1 porter for every 2 members
    • All staffs insurance & daily wages
    • All Airport transfers
  • Detailed Itinerary

    Day 1 : Arrival in Kathmandu

    Depending on your arrival time, our representative will be at the airport to receive you and transfer you to your booked hotel.
    Accommodation: Gokarna Forest Resort

    Day 2 : Sightseeing in Kathmandu

    The program will be - the Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Square monuments with their wooden pagoda-temples, the Bodnath or Swayambhunath’s Buddhist sanctuaries and Pashupatinath Hinduist one where the cremations occur, not to speak of the many temples spread about along the crowded and busy streets of the antique city.
    Meals: B

    Day 3 : Fly to Tumlingtar (400m) – 50 Minutes Flight

    After breakfast we drive to the domestic airport in Kathmandu for a 50 minutes flight to Tumlingtar where our staff will be waiting for us. We then drive to our hotel for tonight.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 4 : Trek to Khadbari (1040m)

    The trail becomes a ridge walk to Khadbari.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 5 : Khadbari - Bhote Bas (1740m)

    Past Mani Bhanjyang the trail makes a gentle climb through terraced fields, past a paper factory at Panguma. Then it continues through fields, bamboo groves and big rocks to Shekla before climbing to the Tamang village of Bhote Bas.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 6 : Bhote Bas – Gogone

    The cultivated fields disappear as the trail climbs to a pass at 1850m that offers a spectacular view of Chhamlang, Makalu and Jaljale Himal.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 7 : Gogone - Num (1490m)

    The trail goes through forests of huge rhododendrons then below Mure passes many tracts of burned trees. The route descends on a rocky eroded trail to Num, situated on the ridge above the Arun river.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 8 : Num - Tashi Gaon (2070m)

    The trail descends steeply through the corn fields of Lumbang then drops very steeply through jungle to a suspension bridge over the Arun river at 660m. From here it climbs through rocky fields to Seduwa. It makes a gradual climb through forested areas.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 9 : Tashi Gaon - Khongma Pass (3500m)

    It is a tough day on a steep trail through forests to Unshisha, a tiny meadow at 3300m. Then the slope gets steeper along a ridge over a hillock.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 10 : Khongma Pass - Numbuck (3570m)

    The trail climbs on steep switchbacks to a ridge. It reaches the Kika La at 4127m then descends to a lake before ascending to a second pass, the Tutu La. From there it descends through forests to Numbuck.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 11 : Numbuck - Sarsung (4600m)

    It is a long day because there is no suitable camp between Nay Kharka and Sarsung. The trail gets closer to the Barun Khola. After crossing it, the trail climbs alongside a moraine of the Barun Glacier with views of Pyramid Peak. Then it enters an alluvial valley and Makalu pops out into view just before Sarsung.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 12 : Sarsung - Makalu B. C. (5000m)

    It is a gradual climb to a minor pass then it descends crossing on boulders to the B. C. There are wonderful views of the south face of Makalu.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 13 : Makalu B. C. - Numbuck (3570m)

    Retrace your steps down.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 14 : Numbuck - Khongma Pass (3500m)

    Descending through rock falls, green forest and valley from Yangri Kharka making our way towards Dobate, we follow the river banks of Barun down the trail. With steep advance from Dobate to Mumbuk (Nambuk) and through a forest of Rhododendrons we cross the KeKe La and reach out Khongma la.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 15 : Khongma Pass - Seduwa (1460m)

    Through the hillsides trek continues with frequent long and steep descent. The trail takes us through thick forests and finally making to the Sherpa village of Tashigaon. And then we exit from Makalu Barun National Park and move down to the Barun River. Crossing the hillside and villages afterwards, we move further down, finally stopping at Seduwa once again.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 16 : Seduwa - Chichela (1830m)

    From the school the trail descends steeply to a suspension bridge over the Arun River at 660m then climbs steeply to Num situated on a ridge. It still climbs to Fururu through forests of huge rhododendrons then goes down to a campsite at Chichela.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 17 : Chichela - Tumlingtar

    The final return leg of the trek will see us overnight at Tumlingtar, ready for an early departure to Kathmandu the following day.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 18 : Flight: Tumlingtar-kathmandu, Transfer to Hotel

    After the breakfast in the Lodge, you will be transferred to the Tumlingtar Airport and take a 50 minutes flight back to Kathmandu. On arrival in Kathmandu, we drive to the hotel and have some free time to relax or head into the city. Most people want to simply unwind and enjoy the hotel facilities.
    Meals: B

    Day 19 : Free day in Kathmandu

    You’ll have a day free to roam around the Kathmandu Valley and enjoy your time.
    Meals: BLD

    Day 20 : International Departure

    Depending on your flight time, our airport check in is 3 hours prior to the departure time and the hotel checkout time is 12PM.
    Our representative will meet you at the hotel and transfer you to the airport.
    Meals: B
  • Essential Info

    Visa

    Most nationalities require a visa for Nepal, which can be obtained in advance or on entry. If you wish to apply before departure the current visa cost is £20 for a 15 day visa and £35 for a 30 day visa for UK passport holders. The current cost of a visa on arrival is US $25 for 15 days, US $40 for 30 days or if extending your stay $100 for 90 days. All are multiple entry. The visa on arrival fee can be paid for in cash in US Dollars, Pounds Sterling or Euros. You will also need a passport photo. Application forms are available in the immigration hall (or for electronic passports there are visa registration machines which, after inserting your passport, automatically fill out a form for you). You must firstly join the queue to pay the visa fee, and then go to the relevant immigration desk to obtain your 15, 30 or 90 day visa stamp. There can be long queues for visas on arrival.

    Non UK nationals should check requirements with their nearest embassy (a few nationalities are not permitted visas on arrival).

    Vaccinations

    There are no mandatory vaccination requirements. Recommended vaccinations are: Polio, Tetanus, Diphtheria, Typhoid, Hepatitis A. The risk of malaria is present in certain regions only (such as Chitwan); you may wish to consult your GP or travel health clinic for further advice. Dengue fever is a known risk in places visited. It is a tropical viral disease spread by daytime biting mosquitoes. There is currently no vaccine or prophylaxis available for Dengue, and therefore the best form of prevention is to avoid being bitten. We recommend you take the usual precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Most of our trips to Nepal go to high altitudes where there is a risk of being affected by Acute Mountain Sickness. Our itineraries are designed to enable everyone to acclimatise to these altitudes, but you should be aware that it is still possible for you to be affected. Please refer to the TRIP NOTES for complete advice on AMS.

    Eating & Drinking

    Breakfast is included throughout the trip and all meals are provided while camping (all breakfasts, 3 lunches and 2 dinners).

    Breakfast is included throughout the trip and all meals are provided while camping. On trek the breakfast will be a set menu usually consisting of porridge and toast. Any additional items that are not included in the set menu should be ordered and paid for separately. We do not include lunch and dinner in the tea-houses, allowing you to choose what you want to eat and when. Although most lodges have almost identical menus, they are reasonably extensive and offer a varied selection, ranging from traditional Nepalese dal bhat to pizza and apple pie.

    Although meat is available in the teahouses, we advise against eating it on trek. The meat has often been carried in the heat from lower altitudes for several days before reaching the lodges, and can cause stomach upsets or illness. Germs can also be spread by handling dirty money - we recommend using hand sanitiser.

    If you buy imported food and drink whilst on trek you will spend more than the suggested amount.

    Drinking Water

    Staying hydrated is important when undertaking any physical activity but particularly so at altitude where it is generally recommended to drink at least 3-4 litres per person per day.

    We strongly encourage you not to buy bottled water on trek as this contributes to the growing problem of plastic pollution in Nepal’s trekking areas.

    All teahouses will provide cold water free of charge, if requested. Although this should not be drunk untreated, we recommend that you bring a reusable bottle with a wide opening (Nalgene or similar) with you and use a SteriPEN to treat it with. A SteriPEN is a handheld UV water purifier – small, lightweight and battery powered so easy to pack for a trek. In Nepal’s trekking regions most of the bottled water isn’t strictly ‘mineral water’ anyway but is UV treated, so it’s exactly the same technology. It’s quick to use, far more effective than purification tablets, and the water is ready immediately. It’s fine to use a SteriPEN on non-boiled water so long as it isn’t cloudy or full of sediment (which is uncommon in these regions).

    SteriPENs are widely stocked on Amazon, outdoor shops and other online retailers; look for the latest models but avoid USB charging ones. Better still, a SteriPEN will pay for itself over the course of the trek and you won’t leave behind a single plastic bottle – you will end up spending the same or even less than you would on bottled water, plus you can keep it for future trips.

    If you prefer not to invest in a SteriPEN, the teahouses also sell boiled water for approx. Rs150-300 per litre (the price increases the higher you trek) which should not require treating. This is also perfect for a bedtime refill as it can double up as a hot water bottle.

    While camping boiled water is supplied for drinking.

    Weather

    The main trekking season in Nepal is from October to mid-May when daytime temperatures at most altitudes are generally comfortable for walking, the sky is clear much of the time and rain and snow are occasional occurrences. Daytime temperatures will vary from 15ºC to 35ºC in the Kathmandu Valley to around 10ºC at 3,600m and progressively lower the higher we go.

    Different seasons offer different advantages for trekking.

    Post Monsoon/autumn: Mid-September to November. This is the main trekking season in Nepal. Day temperatures in Kathmandu are approximately above 20ºC. Skies are usually clear and days on trek are sunny and mild with clear mountain views. At the highest altitudes although the days can be nice and sunny the temperatures can drop to 10ºC and much lower. Nights will be colder with temperatures dropping as low as minus 10ºC and lower at the highest altitudes.

    Pre-monsoon/spring: March to May. Both day and night temperatures will be warmer in general but haze will often build up in the afternoons. It is very hot in the lowlands and temperatures rise to 35ºC in Kathmandu. Flowers bloom in this season and this is one of the reasons people chose to trek in spring.

    Snow can be expected on any departure, usually at the higher altitudes. Summit day will be a very early start (usually about 2am) and will be extremely cold. Although mostly it is calm and clear on summit day the mountain does occasionally get high winds. You need to be equipped for temperatures as low as minus 25ºC plus wind chill on summit day.

    Please remember that in any mountain area the weather is never wholly predictable and you should be prepared and equipped to deal with any differences in weather beyond the conditions described above.

    More Info

    This is a Tough+ trek. It is activity level 9 with 16 days walking and full porterage throughout. The maximum altitude is 6,189m (or 5,545m without Island Peak) and the average is 3,680m. There are some steep ascents and descents and some narrow trails. As this trek also ascends to very high altitudes participants should be confident of their physical fitness and must have previous experience of trekking at altitude and in snow.

    Although it is not compulsory to participate in the climb (the summit attempt is optional), anyone who does must have previous ice axe and crampon experience and know how to use a jumar and abseil device. There will be equipment checks and practice sessions for rope use, ice axe, crampon and harness use, abseiling and crevasse rescue. For safety reasons it is compulsory to participate in these sessions. If you do not take part the leader and climbing Sherpas will not allow you to take part in the climb.

    Though technically harder than Mera Peak, for those with the necessary experience this expedition is within the reach of those seeking their first Himalayan summit. The climb requires strong lungs and a great deal of will power - it is graded alpine PD+ and starts with some rocky scrambling to a glacier. We cross the glacier roped up (there is one ladder to cross), and then come to a 200m steep 40-45 degree headwall, which leads to a 20m summit ridge. We will rope up to cross the glacier and you will be walking with an ice axe, crampons and plastic boots. There are fixed ropes up the headwall (approximately 200m) and along the summit ridge. On the ascent you will need to use a jumar and on the descent you will need to use an abseil device.

    Please be aware that altitude can have a significant affect on your physical state. It is important that you take heed of the leader's advice and decisions at all times. The leaders are trained in first aid and are well aware of AMS symptoms and will keep a close eye on the group. We ask you to refer to the altitude warning within the Trip Notes.

    The climb itself is not recommended for anyone with a fear of heights or vertigo and the main trail itself crosses three modern suspension bridges over rivers and valleys - all of these have mesh sides but some are quite long and high.

    Is this Trip for you?

    Equipment Checklist

    Body Wear

    • Gore Tex Jacket
    • Gore Tex Pant
    • Hiking pant
    • Fleece trouser and jacket or warm jumper - Recommended not thick but warm enough that fits inside the Gore Tex pant
    • Anti-sweat T-shirtEarmuffs/Ear warmers (optional)
    • Thermal inner trouser
    • Down jacket with hoodie
    • Thermal inner trouser
    • Down jacket with hoodie

    Head Wear

    • Sun Hat/Normal cap
    • Fleece or woolen hat
    • Earmuffs/Ear warmers (optional)
    • Sunglasses with UV protection
    • Buff Scarf / thin face mask

    Hand wear

    • Fleece or woolen thin gloves
    • Expedition shell gloves
    • Gore Tex mitten gloves

    Other Equipments

    • Sleeping bag (comfort rated - 15ºC)
    • 30 Litre Rucksack with cover
    • Large size Duffel Bag with padlock
    • Headlamp with spare batteries
    • Water bottles 1 Litre X 2
    • Thermos
    • Basic First Aid Kit including: antiseptic cream, throat lozenges, diarrhea treatment (Imodium), altitude (Diamox), painkillers, plasters and blister treatment, insect repellent, and re-hydration salts (Dioralite). Glucose tablets and multi-vitamin tablets are also a good idea.

    Washing kit & Toiletries

    • Waterproof washing kit bag
    • Towel - medium size
    • Washing soap, towel, tooth pest, tooth brush etc.
    • Sun Lotion Enough +30SPF (including total bloc for lips, nose etc.)
    • Hand wash & sanitizer
    • Toilet paper (you can buy this in the lodges)
    • Wet tissue

    Foot Wear

    • Trekking boots
    • Hollow Out Outdoor Slipper
    • Trekking socks (4-5 pair)
    • Snow Gaiter

    Optional Items

    • Trekking poles
    • Trainers or similar for use in the lodges
    • Shorts
    • Base layer leggings
    • Gaiter
    • Sleeping bag liner
    • Pillowcase
    • Ear plugs (particularly if you are not the one snoring)
    • Travel clothes
    • Camera
    • Pen-knife (remember to pack sharp objects in hold baggage)
    • Repair kit – (egg. needle, thread, duct tape)
  • Accommodation

    Accommodation

    This tour spends four nights in a hotel in Kathmandu and fifteen nights on the trek in tents on sharing basis.

    In Kathmandu we normally use a 3-star hotel, located within walking distance of the Thamel.

    On the trek, we will stay in two men tents with our kitchen staff preparing the meals including breakfast, lunch and dinner. During long day walks, we might have to prepare packed lunch in the morning and carry with us.


  • Gallery

Difficulty Level
Hard

Hard

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